Citizenship by Descent
To limit delays in processing your application for citizenship by descent, you should provide all the documents we require at the same time you make the application. Clients applying online should attach the documents through ImmiAccount. Clients applying on a paper application form should include all the documents with their application. If you do not provide all the documents, your application may be finalised without further requests for missing information.
A child can be registered as an Australian citizen if one of their parents was an Australian citizen at the time of their birth. A child must be registered as an Australian citizen before they apply for an Australian passport.
The London office processes citizenship by descent applications for clients residing in the UK, Ireland and the following countries: Albania, Andorra, Ascension Island, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Faeroe Islands, Falkland Islands, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Greenland, Hungary, Iceland, Israel, Italy, Kosovo, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Saint Helena, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Vatican City.
Please note, if your parent became an Australian citizen by descent, he or she must have been present in Australia for periods totalling two years at some time in their life in order for the child to be registered as an Australian citizen by descent.
For more information on adopted children of Australian citizens, please click here.
If your child was born as a result of a surrogacy arrangement, please click here.
You can lodge your application for citizenship by descent online. Lodging your application allows you to track the progress of your application electronically and receive further information in a timely manner.
Click on the following link for further information and instructions:
To limit delays in processing your application for citizenship by descent, you should provide all the documents we require at the same time you make the application. Clients applying online should attach the documents through ImmiAccount.
To limit delays in processing your application for citizenship by descent, you should provide all the documents we require at the same time you make the application. Clients applying on a paper application form should include:
Where to send the application
If you do not provide all this information, your application may be invalid or finalised without further requests for missing information.
The average processing time is 6-8 weeks from when we receive a valid application to when we issue the certificate. However if the application is not submitted with the all the required documents there may be significant delays. Below are the most common reasons why an application is delayed:
- Not all the required identity documents were provided;
- Evidence of other citizenship the Australian parent holds was not provided;
- Translations were not provided or the translation was provided without the original/certified document;
- The application form was not signed or correct proof of signature not provided.
Applications that do not provide the required identity document or correct proof of identity may be returned as an invalid application.
Can my application be processed faster?
If compelling and compassionate reasons exist for the processing of your application to be expedited, please include a covering letter along with any supporting evidence. Please note that the following scenarios are generally not regarded as compelling or compassionate:
- If you have booked an appointment with the Passport Office;
- If you have booked travel;
- If you need to travel to Australia to commence employment.
Once citizenship has been granted you may wish to apply for an Australian passport. Passports are issued by the Australian passport office (not the Department of Immigration and Border Protection). Australian Passport offices are also located in Australian Embassies and Consulates. You should contact your nearest Australian Embassy or Consulate for further information in regard to passport applications.
Clients in the UK see: Consular and Passport Office in London
Please note that the Passport Office in London does not accept applications for clients resident outside the UK. If you are outside the UK, please click here.
Once an application for citizenship by descent has been finalised, we send the certificate by registered mail to the postal address listed on Form 118. We do not send the citizenship certificate directly to the Passport Office to facilitate the issuing of an Australian passport.